|Country||United States of America|
Department of Justice
Federal Bureau of Prisons, state and local correctional authorities
320 First Street N.W, Washington DC 20534
|Head of prison administration (and title)|| |
Kathleen Hawk Sawyer
Director of Federal Bureau of Prisons
|Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)|| |
2 121 600
at 31.12.2016 (U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics - 704,500 in local jails, 1,228,800 in state prisons, 188,300 federal prisoners. In addition, there are prisoners in the 80 Indian Country Jails (2,540 at mid-year 2016) and the 1,852 juvenile facilities (50,821 at 2014).)
|Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)|| |
based on an estimated national population of 323.9 million at end of 2016 (from U.S. Census Bureau figures)
|Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)|| |
|Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)|| |
|Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)|| |
(2014 - juveniles)
|Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)|| |
|Number of establishments / institutions|| |
(3,163 local jails at 2014, 1,190 state confinement facilities at 2005, 102 federal confinement facilities at 2005)
|Official capacity of prison system|| |
2 140 321
|Occupancy level (based on official capacity)|| |
|Prison population trend|
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend
The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.
It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.
The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population.
Note. Figures for 2010 include pre-trial/remand prisoners in state and federal institutions (c. 30,000).
It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.
The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.
Female prison population: trend
The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.
(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).
Prison population trend up to 2000
The figures below give an indication of the prison population trend in the years up to 2000. They supplement the more recent figures that are shown at the foot of the Overview page and in the graphs below.
Prison population rate