Rwanda

CountryRwanda
Ministry responsible
Ministry of the Interior
Prison administration
Rwanda Correctional Service
Contact address
P.O. Box 6516, Kigali, Rwanda
Telephone
+250 252 585646
Fax
+250 252 585646
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
(Brigadier General) George Rwigamba
Commissioner General of Prisons
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
65 000
at October 2019 (National Human Rights Commission)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
511
based on an estimated national population of 12.71 million at October 2019 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
7.5%
(May 2017)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
7.4%
(May 2017)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
0.5%
(May 2017 - under 18)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
0.3%
(mid-2002)
Number of establishments / institutions
14
(2017 - 13 prisons, 1 rehabilitation centre for juveniles)
Official capacity of prison system
57 481
(May 2017)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
101.3%
(May 2017)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2010 55,000 507
2012 55,618 479
2014 53,600 442
2017 58,230 487
2010 55,000 507
2012 55,618 479
2014 53,600 442
2017 58,230 487

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Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                     RWANDA

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2002
2009
2013

2,925
c. 4,200
3,526

2.6%
c. 6.6%
6.5%

33.6
c. 40.3
29.6

2017

4,287

7.4%

35.9

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate