Romania

CountryRomania
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Justice (Ministerul Justitiei)
Prison administration
National Administration of Penitentiaries (Administratia Nationala a Penitenciarelor)
Contact address
Str. Maria Ghiculeasa No. 47, RO-72228 Bucharest sector 2, Romania
Telephone
+40 21 208 6150
Fax
+40 21 242 6078
Website
Email
office@anp.gov.ro
Head of prison administration (and title)
Cătălin Claudiu Bejan
Director General
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
27 251
at 21.3.2017 (national prison administration)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
139
based on an estimated national population of 19.62 million at March 2017 (from Eurostat figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
8.3%
(31.12.2016)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
5.1%
(31.12.2016)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
1.4%
(21.3.2017 - under 18)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
1.1%
(31.12.2016)
Number of establishments / institutions
45
(2017)
Official capacity of prison system
27 796
(21.3.2017 - legal capacity)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
98.0%
(21.3.2017)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 48,267 215
2002 48,081 222
2004 39,031 183
2006 34,038 161
2008 26,212 128
2010 28,244 140
2012 31,817 159
2014 30,156 152
2016 27,455 140
2000 48,267 215
2002 48,081 222
2004 39,031 183
2006 34,038 161
2008 26,212 128
2010 28,244 140
2012 31,817 159
2014 30,156 152
2016 27,455 140

Pages

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                        ROMANIA

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010
2015

10,792
5,383
4,630
2,453

22.4%
14.7%
16.4%
8.7%

48
25
22
12

2016

2,281

8.3%

12

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.                                                      

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                     ROMANIA

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010
2015

1,931
1,696
1,271
1,465

4.0%
4.6%
4.5%
5.2%

8.6
7.8
6.3
7.4

2016

1,411

5.1%

7.2

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.  

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate