Panama

CountryPanama
Ministry responsible
Ministerio de Gobierno
Prison administration
Direccion General del Sistema Penitenciario
Contact address
Edificios 37 and 38 Balboa, Apartado 1628, Zona 1, Panama
Telephone
+507 512 7200 or 7201
Fax
+507 512 7233
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Armando Medina
Director General
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
16 949
at 30.4.2019 (national prison administration)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
402
based on an estimated national population of 4.22 million at end of April 2019 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
45.5%
(30.4.2019)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
5.9%
(30.4.2019)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
0.0%
(December 2012 - under 18)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
10.1%
(2014)
Number of establishments / institutions
24
(2016)
Official capacity of prison system
15 222
(30.4.2019)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
111.3%
(30.4.2019)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 8,652 283
2002 10,423 328
2004 11,400 345
2006 11,575 338
2008 9,651 272
2010 12,293 336
2012 14,468 380
2014 15,208 388
2016 17,165 423
2018 16,561 395
2000 8,652 283
2002 10,423 328
2004 11,400 345
2006 11,575 338
2008 9,651 272
2010 12,293 336
2012 14,468 380
2014 15,208 388
2016 17,165 423
2018 16,561 395

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                  PANAMA

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010
2014

5,237
7,270
7,092
9,823

63.2%
62.8%
60.8%
62.6%

169
214
193
248

2019

7,709

45.5%

183

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                    PANAMA

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010
2014

654
761
865
1,032

7.6%
6.6%
7.1%
6.6%

21.2
22.4
23.3
26.1

2019

997

5.9%

23.6

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate