Myanmar (formerly Burma)

CountryMyanmar (formerly Burma)
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Home Affairs
Prison administration
Myanmar Correctional Department
Contact address
Insein Township, Yangon Division, Myanmar
Telephone
+95 1 642105
Fax
+95 1 642104
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Than Htay
Director-General
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
70 000
at January 2017 (national prison administration)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
128
based on an estimated national population of 54.8 million at January 2017 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
10.8%
(mid-2009)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
Circa
16.3%
(2013)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
1.6%
(31.12.2002 - probably omitting prisoners in camp-type institutions)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
0.8%
(mid-2009)
Number of establishments / institutions
142
(2012 - 42 prisons and at least 100 labour camps)
Official capacity of prison system
26 100
(31.12.2002 - not including labour camps)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
144.3%
(31.12.2002 - not including labour camps)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
1993 53,195 120
2001 31,648 64
2004 c 60,000 c 120
2007 65,063 128
2009 60,053 117
2011 c 66,000 c 126
2015 70,000 128
1993 53,195 120
2001 31,648 64
2004 c 60,000 c 120
2007 65,063 128
2009 60,053 117
2011 c 66,000 c 126
2015 70,000 128

Pages

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                     MYANMAR

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2001
2007
2009

4,966
7,431
6,495

15.7%
11.4%
10.8%

10
15
13

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                   MYANMAR

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2001
2007
2009

6,034
9,754
6,443

19.1%
15.0%
10.7%

12.3
19.2
12.5

2013

c. 10,000

c. 16.3%

c. 18.8

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate