Mozambique

CountryMozambique
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Justice
Prison administration
Serviço Nacional Penitenciário (SERNAP)
Contact address
Caixa Postal No. 2645, Av. Julius Nyerere 1235, Maputo, Mozambique.
Telephone
+258 21 485 952
Fax
+258 21 485 953
Head of prison administration (and title)
(Dr.) Eduardo Sebastiao Mussanhane
Diretor Nacional do Controlo Penal e Medidas de Seguranca
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
15 976
at June 2015 (quoted at time of Presidential pardon)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
57
based on an estimated national population of 27.95 million at June 2015 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
32.9%
(first quarter of 2014)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
3.9%
(September 2013)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
0.0%
(2009 - children)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
0.9%
(June 2012)
Number of establishments / institutions
184
(2013)
Official capacity of prison system
8 188
(June 2015)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
195.1%
(June 2015)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2004 c 10,000 c 48
2007 c 15,000 c 67
2009 15,998 68
2011 16,304 65
2013 15,663 59
2004 c 10,000 c 48
2007 c 15,000 c 67
2009 15,998 68
2011 16,304 65
2013 15,663 59

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Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                 MOZAMBIQUE

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

1999
2008

6,422
5,033

72.9%
28.9%

49
23

2014

5,074

32.9%

20

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                   MOZAMBIQUE

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

1999
2009

551
358

6.3%
2.2%

3.1
1.6

2013

618

3.9%

2.5

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate