Mozambique

CountryMozambique
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Justice
Prison administration
Serviço Nacional Penitenciário (SERNAP)
Contact address
Caixa Postal No. 2645, Av. Julius Nyerere 1235, Maputo, Mozambique.
Telephone
+258 21 485 952
Fax
+258 21 485 953
Head of prison administration (and title)
Domingos Muanquina
Diretor Nacional do Controlo Penal e Medidas de Seguranca
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
19 109
at July 2017 (national prison administration)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
65
based on an estimated national population of 29.57 million at July 2017 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
33.1%
(July 2017)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
2.9%
(January 2015)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
8.6%
(January 2015 - under 19)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
1.5%
(July 2017)
Number of establishments / institutions
184
(2013)
Official capacity of prison system
8 200
(July 2017)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
233.0%
(July 2017)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2004 c 10,000 c 48
2007 c 15,000 c 67
2009 15,998 68
2011 16,304 65
2013 15,663 59
2015 15,976 57
2004 c 10,000 c 48
2007 c 15,000 c 67
2009 15,998 68
2011 16,304 65
2013 15,663 59
2015 15,976 57

Pages

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                 MOZAMBIQUE

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

1999
2008
2015

6,422
5,033
5,184

72.9%
28.9%
32.5%

49
23
19

2017

6,330

33.1%

21

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                   MOZAMBIQUE

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

1999
2009

551
358

6.3%
2.2%

3.1
1.6

2015

426

2.9%

1.5

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate