Kenya

CountryKenya
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government
Prison administration
Kenya Prisons Service
Contact address
P.O Box 30175, Nairobi, Kenya
Telephone
+254 2 722 668 or +254 2 722 9
Fax
+254 2 727 329 or +254 2 714 7
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Isaiah Samuel Osugo
Commissioner General of Prisons
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
57 000
at April 2016 (national coordinator for community service)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
121
based on an estimated national population of 46.95 million at April 2016 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
40.4%
(April 2015)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
3.4%
(31.12.2013)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
1.2%
(31.12.2013 - under 18)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
0.6%
(31.12.2013)
Number of establishments / institutions
108
(2015)
Official capacity of prison system
26 757
(April 2015)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
202.4%
(April 2015)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 40,010 129
2002 35,157 108
2004 52,000 150
2006 47,036 129
2008 46,150 119
2010 49,757 122
2012 52,000 121
2014 54,579 122
2015 57,000 121
2000 40,010 129
2002 35,157 108
2004 52,000 150
2006 47,036 129
2008 46,150 119
2010 49,757 122
2012 52,000 121
2014 54,579 122
2015 57,000 121

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Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                 KENYA

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2001
2005
2009

14,523
21,702
20,193

41.1%
48.7%
43.3%

45
61
51

2015

21,888

40.4%

48

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                  KENYA

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2001
2006
2009

1,486
2,000
2,081

4.2%
4.2%
4.5%

4.6
5.5
5.3

2013

1,805

3.4%

4.1

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate