Kazakhstan

CountryKazakhstan
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Internal Affairs
Prison administration
Committee of the Criminal-Executive System (KUIS)
Contact address
Mailin street 2, Astana city B, 010000, Kazakhstan
Telephone
+7 7172 723000
+7 7172 723001
Fax
+7 7172 723116
+7 7172 723144
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Azamat Hyzyrovich Bazylbekov
Chairperson of the Criminal-Executive System
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
36 343
at 10.1.2017 (national prison administration, via Penal Reform International)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
202
based on an estimated national population of 17.97 million at January 2017 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
17.5%
(10.1.2017)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
7.6%
(10.1.2017)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
0.2%
(10.1.2017 - under 18)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
4.5%
(10.1.2017)
Number of establishments / institutions
86
(2017)
Official capacity of prison system
72 360
(1.1.2014)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
68.9%
(1.1.2014)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 78,029 520
2002 84,812 566
2004 57,802 380
2006 52,713 339
2008 56,012 354
2010 63,643 393
2012 52,338 314
2014 49,821 289
2016 39,179 221
2000 78,029 520
2002 84,812 566
2004 57,802 380
2006 52,713 339
2008 56,012 354
2010 63,643 393
2012 52,338 314
2014 49,821 289
2016 39,179 221

Pages

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                    KAZAKHSTAN

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010
2015

16,498
8,324
8,503
5,623

21.1%
15.8%
13.4%
11.7%

113
55
52
32

2017

6,376

17.5%

35

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                    KAZAKHSTAN

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2005
2008
2011
2015

2,899
3,646
4,222
3,486

5.5%
6.6%
7.6%
7.3%

19.3
23.6
26.3
19.9

2017

2,762

7.6%

15.4

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate