Finland

CountryFinland
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Justice
Prison administration
Department of Prison Administration
Contact address
P O Box 319, Albertinkatu 25, FIN-00181 Helsinki, Finland
Telephone
+358 9 1601
Fax
+358 9 1608 8556 or 8410
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
Esa Vesterbacka
Director General
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
3 002
at 1.1.2016 (national prison administration, via Council of Europe - not including remand prisoners in police establishments)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
55
based on an estimated national population of 5.49 million at beginning of 2016 (from Eurostat figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
19.5%
(average, 2015 - not including remand prisoners in police establishments)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
7.5%
(average, 2015)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
0.3%
(average, 2015 - under 18)
Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)
15.5%
(average, 2015)
Number of establishments / institutions
30
(2011 - 28 prisons, 2 prison hospitals of which one is a psychiatric hospital)
Official capacity of prison system
3 079
(1.1.2016)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
97.5%
(1.1.2016)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
2000 2,855 55
2002 3,433 66
2004 3,577 68
2006 3,778 72
2008 3,526 66
2010 3,291 61
2012 3,236 60
2014 3,097 57
2015 3,002 55
2000 2,855 55
2002 3,433 66
2004 3,577 68
2006 3,778 72
2008 3,526 66
2010 3,291 61
2012 3,236 60
2014 3,097 57
2015 3,002 55

Pages

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                   FINLAND

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

376
519
599

13.2%
13.3%
18.2%

7
10
11

2015

597

19.5%

11

Note. The figures do not include some 70-110 pre-trial detainees per year held in police facilities.

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.                                                      

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                    FINLAND

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2005
2010

142
238
258

5.3%
6.2%
7.8%

2.7
4.5
4.8

2015

231

7.5%

4.2

Note: not including prisoners detained in police facilities

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.  

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate