World Prison Brief

Institute for Criminal Policy Research

Benin

CountryBenin
Ministry responsible
Ministry of Justice, Legislation and Human Rights
Prison administration
La Direction de l'Administration Penitentiaire et de l'Assistance Sociale (DAPAS)
Contact address
BP 967 Cotonou, Benin
Telephone
+229 21 31 31 46
Fax
+229 21 31 34 48
Website
Head of prison administration (and title)
(Mme) Marie-Madeleine Adjalian Domingo
Directrice
Prison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)
7 067
at 31.3.2014 (national prison administration)
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
67
based on an estimated national population of 10.53 million at March 2014 (from United Nations figures)
Pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners (percentage of prison population)
74.9%
(2010)
Female prisoners (percentage of prison population)
5.0%
(October 2012)
Juveniles / minors / young prisoners incl. definition (percentage of prison population)
2.1%
(January 2008 - minors)
Number of establishments / institutions
9
(2012)
Official capacity of prison system
Circa
2 900
(March 2014)
Occupancy level (based on official capacity)
Circa
240.0%
(March 2014)
Prison population trend
(year, prison population total, prison population rate)
1997 3,778 62
2000 4,961 76
2002 4,336 62
2006 5,834 74
2008 6,083 74
2010 6,908 78
2013 7,067 67
1997 3,778 62
2000 4,961 76
2002 4,336 62
2006 5,834 74
2008 6,083 74
2010 6,908 78
2013 7,067 67

Pre-trial/remand prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the recent trend in the pre-trial/remand prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that pre-trial/remand prisoners constituted on that day.  

The final column shows the pre-trial/remand population rate per 100,000 of the national population. 

                                                       BENIN

Year

Number in
pre-trial/remand
imprisonment

Percentage
of total
prison population

Pre-trial/remand
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2002
2007
2010

3,209
5,469
5,174

74.0%
79.6%
74.9%

46
67
58

It should be noted that the number of pre-trial/remand prisoners fluctuates from day to day, month to month and year to year. Consequently the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The pre-trial/remand population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities. 

Female prison population: trend

The table below gives an indication of the trend in the female prison population. The final row shows the latest figures available.

It consists of the number of female prisoners in the prison population on a single date in the year (or the annual average) and the percentage of the total prison population that female prisoners constituted on that day. 

The final column shows the female prison population rate per 100,000 of the national population.

                                                    BENIN

Year

Number of
female
prisoners

Percentage
of total
prison population

Female prison
population rate
(per 100,000 of
national population)

2000
2006
2008

c. 140
220
210

c. 3.6%
3.8%
3.5%

2.1
2.8
2.5

2012

360

5.0%

3.8

The number of female prisoners fluctuates and so the above figures give an indication of the trend but the picture is inevitably incomplete.

The female prison population rate is calculated on the basis of the national population total. All national population figures are inevitably estimates but the estimates used in the World Prison Brief are based on official national figures, United Nations figures or figures from other recognised international authorities.

(If the rate were calculated on the basis of the number of females in the national population it would of course be approximately double the figure in the final column).

Prison population total
Prison population rate